Our ability to retain and retrieve records of the past is a product of interactions between multiple brain regions. We are interested in understanding the conscious and non-conscious processes that mediate access to and expression of these experiences in humans. A combination of tools is used for this purpose, including neuroimaging (fMRI) to identify relevant areas and systems, and neuroimaging-guided non-invasive transient cortical disruption (TMS) to determine whether specific areas and systems are necessary for specific functions (e.g., Wig et al. 2005 Nat Neurosci , Wig et al. 2009 J Neurophysiol ) and how memory abilities differ across individuals (e.g., Wig et al. 2009 PNAS, Chan et al. 2014 PNAS).